The major outcrops of opal
an ancient inland sea (known as the Eromanga Sea). The important mining areas in Australian opal production over the last century have been White Cliffs, the Queensland fields, Lightning Ridge, Grawin, Glengarry, Coober Pedy, Andamooka, Mintabie and Lambina.
Commercial mining commenced in the late 1880s at the White Cliffs Field in New South Wales. The opal mined here excited the world and the town soon developed; by the 1920s it had a population of more than 3,000 people.
White Cliffs produced fine quality seam material in such volumes as the world had not previously seen. Sadly, the main run was worked out by 1930 and the field all but died out.
The Queensland fields are spread across 1,000 kilometres (600 miles) and Produce almost all the world’s supply of boulder opal.
This opal is produced from remote locations in the vicinity of Yowah, Eromanga, Quilpie, Jundah, Opalton and Winton. Almost all the opal is won by open cut mining. Large and small ironstone boulders are split in the search for that elusive opal vein.
This field was discovered in 1905 by kangaroo shooters. “The Ridge” produces almost all of Australia’s sensational black opals and, despite a recent decline in production, it is still the largest producer of opal by value. (Lightning Ridge opal is typically found as nodules or “nobbies”)
In the late 1980s the Corcoran field 30 km to the west of the township produced stunning black nobby opal in great quantities.
The population soared to over 8,000 people.
At this time opal sold for record prices sometimes at more per carat than good quality diamond. Outlying fields include The Grawin, Glengarry, Sheep Yards and Mulga Rush, which predominantly produce dark and black seam opal.
Andamooka is in the harsh desert and located near the edge of Lake Torrens (a saltpan over 165k or 100 miles in length).
The field was discovered in 1935 and is famous for producing brilliant crystal seam opal.
Andamooka reached its peak in the 1960s when the population reached 3,000.
Unfortunately, this field is worked out, with very little commercial production since
The bulk of the world’s light seam opal has been mined at Coober Pedy. Mining extends over an area 50 kilometres long, running approximately north/south.
The town reached its peak in the 1970s when enormous quantities of opal were being produced. It attracted many migrants from all over the world, seeking to make their fortune.
Illegal gambling joints proliferated, some with dozens of tables where tens of thousands of dollars changed hands.
Unbearable summer temperatures have resulted in most of the population living underground in dugouts. By 2008 Coober Pedy’s production had fallen to 15% of its heyday but this dusty, hot outback town remains home to more than 4,000 people representing at least 50 nations.
At Cosmopolitan Jewellers, you can find a beautiful collection of Solid Opals from the Lightning Ridge mine, Queensland, and Coober Pedy.
Their luxurious showroom is in the heart of The Rocks Sydney. They have the largest designer Black Opal, Boulder Opal, and Crystal Opal jewellery. And they only carry solid Opals and do not sell doublets or triplets.